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- Boris Johnson: Time for humanity to grow up on...on September, 2021 at 1:27 am
- Air pollution: Even worse than we thought - WHOon September, 2021 at 5:08 pm
- Gas price crisis: Food firms face huge price rise...on September, 2021 at 12:33 pm
- Why is there a CO2 shortage and how will it hit...on September, 2021 at 9:42 am
- Covid: Immune therapy from llamas shows promiseon September, 2021 at 9:00 am
- China pledges to stop building new coal energy...on September, 2021 at 4:23 am
- Life at 50C: Heat hitting home in Australiaon September, 2021 at 11:09 pm
- PPE hospital masks find new life fighting plastic...on September, 2021 at 11:06 pm
- M25 protests: Protesters 'may cause serious...on September, 2021 at 5:57 pm
- President Biden urges unity in first UN speech...on September, 2021 at 5:49 pm
- COP 26: How much is the developing world getting...on September, 2021 at 3:24 pm
- Nasa selects landing site for Moon rover missionon September, 2021 at 1:32 am
Header Banner: Captain James Cook FRS RN (7 November 1728 – 14 February 1779) was a British explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain in the Royal Navy. Cook made detailed maps of Newfoundland prior to making three voyages to the Pacific Ocean, during which he achieved the first recorded European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands, and the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand.
During the Seven Years’ War, Cook served in North America as master of Pembroke (1757).In 1758 he took part in the major amphibious assault that captured the Fortress of Louisbourg from the French, after which he participated in the siege of Quebec City and then the Battle of the Plains of Abraham in 1759. He showed a talent for surveying and cartography, and was responsible for mapping much of the entrance to the Saint Lawrence River during the siege, thus allowing General Wolfe to make his famous stealth attack on the Plains of Abraham.
Cook’s surveying ability was put to good use mapping the jagged coast of Newfoundland in the 1760s, aboard HMS Grenville. His five seasons in Newfoundland produced the first large-scale and accurate maps of the island’s coasts and were the first scientific, large scale, hydrographic surveys to use precise triangulation to establish land outlines. Cook’s map would be used into the 20th century—copies of it being referenced by those sailing Newfoundland’s waters for 200 years.